Gynecological Cancer

There is no way to know for sure if you will get a gynecologic cancer. That’s why it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you, so you can recognize the warning signs or symptoms of gynecologic cancer.

If you have vaginal bleeding that is unusual for you, talk to a doctor right away. Any vaginal bleeding after menopause needs to be reported to your doctor. If you have not yet gone through menopause but notice that your periods are heavier, last longer than normal for you, or if you’re having unusual bleeding between periods, talk to your doctor.

You should also see a doctor if you have any other warning signs that last for two weeks or longer and are not normal for you. Symptoms may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see a doctor.

Signs and symptoms are not the same for everyone, and each gynecologic cancer (cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers) has its own signs and symptoms.

Symptoms of Gynecological Cancer

Different people have different symptoms of breast cancer. Some people do not have any signs or symptoms at all.

Some warning signs of breast cancer are—

  • Pelvic pain or pressure.
  • Itching or burning of the vulva.
  • Changes in vulva color or skin (rash, sores, warts, or ulcers)
  • Changes in bathroom habits (increased urination, constipation, or diarrhea)
  • Bloating.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge.
  • Pain in the back or stomach.

Treatments of Gynecologic Cancer

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Surgery

Removal of the uterus, including the cervix. Removal of the uterus, cervix, and part of the vagina; the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or nearby lymph nodes may also be removed. Removal of one ovary and one fallopian tube. Removal of both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.

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Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is an essential treatment for most gynecologic cancers, whether it’s used as a primary/curative treatment or postoperatively, as an adjuvant therapy.

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Radiation

Radiation therapy is often used to treat gynecologic cancers. Gynecologic cancer includes cervical, endometrial, uterine, fallopian, ovarian, vaginal, vulvar, gestational trophoblastic disease, and choriocarcinoma. The doses of radiation used to destroy cancer cells can also hurt normal cells in the treated area.

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