When a lump, or a bump is discovered in superficial areas of the body such as the breast and neck, a test known as Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is recommended to determine whether the lump is cancer. This procedure is also used to test for thyroid, salivary glands and lymph nodes illnesses.

“Patients are mostly referred by their primary care physician to the pathologist who carries out this test in a laboratory setting. In addition to testing lumps and bumps, FNAC biopsy is also useful in the diagnosis of other diseases such as tuberculosis infection of the lymph nodes which is common in the country. This test can also be used for more deep-seated organs such as the lung, liver and kidney to check for ailments.”

“The interpretation of an FNAC biopsy is varied and although in some cases an actual diagnosis may require further testing usually involving a surgical biopsy, important insight into the illness can be obtained from an FNAC biopsy. It can rule out cancer which in many cases is the major worry which alleviates patent anxiety and indicates quick treatment like removal of the lump if deemed necessary.”

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